Tips for Hair Cutting Shears and Tools
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Loose tension will cause immediate and destructive wearing of shears
Reduce the premature loss of your sharp cutting edge
Increased possibility of causing a serious nick or abrasion on the
Increased chance of dropping your shears when they are loose
It only takes a few seconds to check and adjust the tension on your
The drive by street grinder makes his living off of
people who won't pay attention to this simple procedure
Adjust tension with the blades closed
Hold your shears by the thumb ring, with the point at 12:00 o'clock (see figure A)
Open the other blade by the finger ring until the point is at 9:00 o'clock
(see figure B). Let finger ring blade fall free.
If your shears have a hand adjustable tension system that clicks when it is
turned; or a rubber base under the knob; the blade should stay at the 9:00
o'clock position when released. (see figure B)
If your shears have a regular tension screw, the
blade must stop at 11:00 o'clock when released (see figure C)
If your shears have any other type of hand adjustable tension system, the
finger ring blade should stop at the 10:00 o'clock position (see figure D)
Adjustments should be made as close to these examples as
On regular screw systems use tool provided with shears or use a screw
driver that fits snug. Be careful not to damage screw or shears. With blades
closed, place against a solid wood surface while tightening.
If you cannot adjust your shears tension, clean them and try again
Offset Shears ~ Why are so many haircutters using them?
Tens of thousands of hairdressers suffer unnecessarily from the
effects of cutting hair. That's because the repetitive wrist motion required to
open and close shears causes the Median Nerve in your hand to rub against a
narrow space in the underside of your wrist called the Carpal Tunnel.
Repeating this movement thousands of times, day after day, can damage the
nerve and cause tingling, numbness or pain to the areas it supplies: the thumb,
index finger, middle finger and ring finger. The resulting condition is called
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
Shears designed with offset handles help prevent Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and
increase comfort by relaxing your elbow downward, leveling your wrist in a more
neutral cutting position and limits flexing of the wrist; thereby reducing wrist
motion and the pressure on the Median Nerve.
Showing angle of offset in handle design
(A) Straight (B)
Semi-offset (C) Offset
The crane handle is also offset but it has one significant difference. If you hold the blades of crane shear horizontally, the handle will angle downward instead of being centered on the blades. This dramatically improves the ergonomics because it relieves and prevents stress on the thumb, arm and shoulder by allowing the hairdresser to cut with their elbow in a lower position. The same angle of the handle also moves the stylists hand away from the body when cutting on the skin allowing for a freer more open cut. For most stylists, a crane handle shear is recommended to relieve stress and minimize risk of Repetitive Strain Injury, or Carpel Tunnel Syndrome. Some Crane handles also have an anatomical thumb as well.
Typical Cutting Positions
Using Professional Hair Styling Shears
Anatomically curved for greated freedom of radial movement
For greater comfort
Removable / reversible finger rest can be attached to either side
for left or right handed sylist compatibility
For maximum comfort
There are only two types of shear blades. Choose the performance you
blade design. Can cut well, but requires more force than the convex blade.
Convex or Hamaguri Edge
the art, smoother cutting blade. A must for slide cutting. These are harder to
make and therefore more expensive, but worth it.